EIPinCPI – Publish-Subscribe Channel

December 15, 2019 Bhalchandra Wadekar

This week, we’ll study a pattern known as Publish-Subscribe Channel.

When do I use this pattern?

A Publish-Subscribe Channel is used when the sender wants to send messages to multiple receivers. For example, invoice data can be sent to a collection centre and a reporting software. In this blog, I’ll reuse the example from Durable Subscriber blog.

Publish-Subscribe Channel in CPI

Integration Flow – Publish Invoices

Publish%20Invoices

Publish Invoices

This simple flow starts immediately using Timer Start Event, sets the Invoice body using a Content Modifier and publishes the Invoice using HTTP Receiver Adapter.

For the configuration of HTTP Receiver Adapter, follow step 10 part 3 in Jonathan Fung‘s blog on the Publish-Subscribe pattern.

The Topic Name will be ‘Invoices’.

This integration flow publishes the invoice data on ‘Invoices’ topic.

Integration Flow – Collection Center

Collection%20Center

Collection Center

This integration flow is step 13 from Jonathan Fung‘s blog on the Publish-Subscribe pattern. The difference is that we are logging the payload instead of sending it to SFTP. Also, the Queue Name will be ‘CollectionCenter’.

Integration Flow – Financial Reporting

Collection%20Center

Financial Reporting

Similarly, this integration flow is step 13 from Jonathan Fung‘s blog on the Publish-Subscribe pattern. The difference is that we are logging the payload instead of sending it to SFTP. Here, the Queue Name will be ‘FinancialReporting’.

Integration Flows Collection Center and Financial Reporting subscribe to get the messages from Invoices topic.

Output

To demonstrate the Publish-Subscribe pattern, we’ll deploy Publish Invoices integration flow. We can see 1 message in each queue.

Published%20Invoices

Published Invoices

Now, we’ll deploy the Collection Center integration flow. The number of messages in CollectionCenter queue reduces to 0.

Collection%20Center%20Subscribes

Collection Center Subscribes

At this time, the financial reporting system is down. The Enterprise Messaging will keep the message in Financial Reporting queue until the message expires.

Once the financial reporting system comes back up, we can see that it consumes the message.

Financial%20Reporting%20Subscribes

Financial Reporting Subscribes

As you can see, a Publish-Subscribe channel ensures that each subscriber gets the message once.

While this pattern allows adding the subscribers on the fly, a new subscriber may not get the messages that are already published, it will only get newly published messages.

EIPinCPI Rating – 10/10

Enterprise Messaging supports publish-subscribe channels out of the box. Therefore, this pattern gets 10/10 EIPinCPI rating.

Conclusion

Publish-Subscribe channel is used when a sender wants to send messages to multiple receivers.

References/Further Readings

Hope this helps,
Bala

About the Author

Bhalchandra Wadekar

Bhalchandra Wadekar is an Integration Enthusiast who authored the Enterprise Integration Patterns in SAP Cloud Platform Integration (#EIPinCPI) series on SAP Blog Community. He is a fan of integration from API Management and Open Connectors to Message Based Integration and Data Integration.

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